Oberto Airaudi (May 29, 1950 – June 24, 2013) was an Italian philosopher and artist, who founded the Federation of Damanhur. Airaudi also went by the name of Falco (Hawk), based on the Damanhur practice of adopting animal names. He was born in Balangero, near Turin, Italy.
In 1975, Airaudi and a group of about 25 other people founded the Federation of Damanhur, a spiritual commune and eco-village. The Federation of Damanhur, often called simply Damanhur, is a commune, ecovillage, and spiritual community situated in the Piedmont region of northern Italy about 30 miles (50 km) north of the city of Turin. It is located in the foothills of the Alps in the Chiusella Valley, bordering on the Gran Paradiso National Park. The community has its own constitution and currency, the Credito.
Damanhur is inspired to spread its spiritual message throughout the world in order to reawaken individual potential through community living, love and respect for life, solidarity and practical idealism. Every day, Damanhurians demonstrate their commitment toward a better world, with the hope to inspire others to do the same by encouraging those who are committed to changing their own future and the future of the planet. Damanhur offers 40 years of experience supporting the growth of new intentional communities. There is no interest to proselytize. Damanhurians are engaged in promoting a different vision of how humanity can live together through the creation of diverse communities and valuing the identity of diverse cultures.
Life at Damanhur
Citizens participate in one of 4 levels, depending on their desired involvement: A, B, C, or D. Class A citizens share all resources and live on site full-time. Class B citizens contribute to financial goals and live on site a minimum of 3 days a week. Class C and D citizens live anywhere. (page 102, Merrifield, 2006) Class A & B citizens participate fully in The School of Meditation, Social, and the Game of Life. Class C citizens participate fully in The School of Meditation.
Citizens participate in one of several ways, depending on their personal nature. Ways include the Way of the Oracle, the Way of the Monk, the Way of the Knight, the Way of Health, the Way of the Word, the Way of Art & Work, and many others. Most citizens live in houses of 10-20 people each, federated together into the Federation of Damanhur.